Amytal Addiction

Before benzodiazepines became the drug of choice among doctors who prescribe medication for insomnia, they prescribed barbiturates, which, for decades, were the medical standard despite the dangers and adverse effects associated with their use, including an increased risk for abuse, addiction, and overdoses.

One particularly potent barbiturate is Amytal, the brand name for amobarbital, a sedative-hypnotic that was first synthesized in 1923. Amytal had gained notoriety for off-label use as a “truth serum,” but today, it is used only in highly restrictive hospital settings, where doctors administer it for sedation before surgery.

Despite this, Amytal remains the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency’s list of “most commonly abused drugs.” It is dangerously easy to overdose on Amytal accidentally, and long-term abuse can cause dire health consequences, including liver and heart problems.



How Does Amytal Work?

As a barbiturate, Amytal works in the same way as most central nervous system depressants, inhibiting and slowing down the function of the central nervous system to calm nerves, relax muscles, and create intense feelings of sedation and relaxation, potentially to the point of inducing sleep.

Amytal does this by entering the brain and binding to what are known as GABA receptors. Gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a neurotransmitter in the brain that naturally creates these effects, inhibiting the nerve impulses that cause feelings of stress and anxiety, blocking them from reaching the brain.

Amytal mimics GABA and binds to the brain’s GABA receptors to stimulate them into creating more GABA than the brain ever could naturally, flooding the nervous system and causing its potent effects.

What Are the Signs of Amytal Addiction?

Recognizing the signs of Amytal abuse before it becomes an addiction are not as clear-cut as some would assume. When many people visualize what they think of as substance abuse, it is usually the loss of control associated with full-blown addiction.

Earlier signs that may appear as an addiction is developing can be harder to catch if you are not looking for them, even if you are the one who is misusing or abusing Amytal. Isolated signs need to be put together and viewed as a whole to recognize the pattern of abuse and addiction.

That being said, regular, long-term Amytal abuse does produce certain effects that can stand out if you are looking for them, and act as signs of a growing Amytal addiction, including:

  • Chronic drowsiness
  • Anxiety
  • Dizziness
  • Periods of confusion
  • Insomnia
  • Tremors
  • Slurred speech
  • Frequent, excruciating migraines
  • Noticeably impaired coordination
  • Hallucinations (although this is less common)

Outside of the effects caused by the specific drug, as someone becomes increasingly dependent on a substance, they will typically begin exhibiting abnormal behavior associated with addiction.

Responsibilities, hobbies, and relationships will all become secondary to the goal of obtaining and using Amytal, no matter what the potential consequences. As this progresses, Amytal addiction sign will become more apparent and may include:

  • Taking Amytal longer, in larger doses or more often than prescribed
  • Taking Amytal without a prescription or with a forged one
  • “Doctor shopping” to get multiple prescriptions
  • Money or other valuables going missing to pay for Amytal
  • Increased tolerance to Amytal
  • Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when not using Amytal
  • Lying about or hiding Amytal use
  • Feeling unable to function normally without taking Amytal
  • Becoming socially withdrawn in favor of using Amytal
  • Being unable to quit using Amytal after trying multiple times

If you are experiencing these signs of Amytal addiction or have observed them in a family member or friend, it is essential that professional addiction services are sought out as soon as possible to decrease the risk of overdose and stop the physical and mental damage that Amytal abuse may have already caused.

What Is Involved in Amytal Addiction Treatment?

Because it is a barbiturate, it is crucial that Amytal addiction treatment starts with medical detoxification under the careful monitoring of an experienced medical detox team.

Much like benzodiazepines, barbiturates like Amytal can have excruciating, potentially deadly withdrawal symptoms, and under no circumstances should you attempt to detox from Amytal on your own.

Amytal withdrawal symptoms can be highly dangerous, closely mirroring delirium tremens with symptoms like psychosis, hallucinations, seizures, chest pains, severe and sudden confusion, and suicidal behavior.

These risks only highlight the importance of getting Amytal removed from your system in a safe and controlled setting where you can avoid relapse, and any serious medical complications that may arise can be addressed by professional medical staff members.

After detox is finished, the next stage of Amytal addiction treatment involves checking into an addiction rehabilitation program. Detoxing will help you regain sobriety, but it will not help you remain sober. Recovery treatment is a must to learn the skills and coping tools needed to effectively manage your addiction in the long-term.

An addiction recovery program can take place on an inpatient or outpatient basis, depending on factors such as your current health, the severity of your addiction, and whether or not you have a history of addiction and relapse.

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While in treatment, you will have your own specialized addiction treatment plan that will usually involve at least some of the following modalities:

How Dangerous Is Amytal?

As previously mentioned, while part of what makes Amytal so dangerous is its delirium tremens withdrawal symptoms, continuing to take it can have far more serious consequences. The longer you take Amytal, the more likely you are to develop serious health issues, including:

  • Dangerously low blood pressure
  • Major liver damage
  • Blood vessel dilation
  • Increasingly frequent bouts of confusion
  • Hemorrhagic blisters

But perhaps the most dangerous aspect of Amytal is not only overdosing but the numerous complications that can arise in the event of an overdose. It is possible to fatally overdose on Amytal, and even if you are successfully treated in time to prevent death, you will most likely be left dealing with severe, potentially permanent health problems as a result of the overdose.

An Amytal overdose can occur within 15 minutes of taking the drug. Amytal overdose signs include:

  • Slowed or absent reflexes
  • Hypotension
  • Hypothermia
  • Loss of coordination
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Unresponsiveness
  • Coma

In the event of an extreme overdose, it is possible for all electrical activity in the brain to stop and cause what can appear to be a “flat line,” which is indicative of brain death. However, this effect is potentially reversible unless serious brain damage due to lack of oxygen happens before the person can be treated.

Other health complications that can arise from an Amytal overdose include:

  • Congestive heart failure
  • Pneumonia
  • Pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs)
  • Arrhythmia
  • Permanent brain damage
  • Kidney failure

If someone is experiencing an Amytal overdose, it is vital that emergency services be contacted as soon as possible to avoid death and prevent as many potential accompanying complications as well.

Amytal Abuse Statistics

  • According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), an estimated 1 in 10 people who overdose on barbiturates or a substance mixture that involves barbiturates will die.
  • Currently, barbiturate-related overdoses contribute to roughly one-third of all drug-related fatalities.
  • Barbiturates like Amytal are much more commonly prescribed to older and senior-age Americans as sedatives.

Start Your Journey to Recovery Today

If you or someone you care about is dealing with Amytal addiction, it can sometimes feel like there’s no one you can turn to for help. But help is always available at Pathway to Hope. While quitting is never easy, together we can work to make it possible.

With a team of experienced and compassionate doctors and staff, we’ll do everything we can to make sure you or your loved one having everything needed to make a successful recovery from Amytal addiction.

Call us at (844) 557-8575 to start on the path to a new, sober life by getting a free and confidential consultation with one of our specialists to find the treatment program that’s right for you or your loved one. You can also reach us online for more information.